Latin Name: Citrus maxima L. Ingredient: Flavone Appearance:Brown Yellow Powder Application:
1. Applied in pharmaceutical field, it is usually made into tablets, capsule and granule to warm the kidney, strengthen the spleen and enhance human immunity.
2. Applied in food field, it is mainly used in kinds of beverage, liquor and foods to enhance human immunity and anti-aging.
Recent advances in studies on Citri Grandis Exocarpium of both at home and abroad were reviewed, to fully dig its medicinal value, so as to provide reference for better utilization and development of Citri Grandis Exocarpium. Literatures were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database, PubMed and etc. Study progress was summarized and concluded from aspects of herbal medicine research, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and clinical research. Clinical studies on Citri Grandis Exocarpium as the monarch drug in a prescription of recent years were collected and summarized, which provided further reference in the development and utilization of clinical application and its related products. The results showed that both Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium were herbal medicine recorded in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China.
In Qianlong 30 years, A Supplement to the Compendium of Materia Medica written by Zhao Xuemin, Citri Grandis Exocarpium has been officially made separately and then many later herbal works was based on this. Thus, Citri Grandis Exocarpium was distinguished from Citri Exocarpium Rubrum which was throughout recorded history. Citri Grandis Exocarpium contained polysaccharides, flavonoids, coumarins, volatile oil, and etc. The animal experiments showed that it had significant effects on expectorant and antitussive, anti- inflammatory, antioxidation, immune regulation, prevention and treatment of diabetic myocardial injury. Clinical observations of the past also showed that Citri Grandis Exocarpium had antitussive, expectorant and antiasthmatic effect. It was concluded that Citri Grandis Exocarpium was rich in polysaccharides, flavonoids, coumarin, volatile oil and other active ingredients. It has good effect to treat cough, expectorant and asthma. Its medicinal value is high. It is worth of further development and utilization.
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